Alberta-Metis Settlements Accord

  • The Alberta-Metis Settlements Accord (1989) was a political agreement between Alberta and the Federation of Metis Settlement Associations (now called the Metis Settlements General Council), which described both parties' intentions to develop a new land-based governance model for the Metis Settlements.

  • The goals of the Accord were to secure a Métis land base for future generations, local autonomy, and economic self-sufficiency.

  • The Accord included the following:

    • a draft Metis Settlements Act and Metis Settlements Land Act;
    • a commitment for financial contributions to the Metis Settlements;
    • a commitment to amending the Alberta Act to entrench Settlement lands in the constitution of Canada (Note: federal agreement to an amendment could not be achieved at that time, such that these lands are entrenched in the Alberta Constitution);
    • a commitment to the Co-management of subsurface resources; and
    • a commitment to establish a Transition Commission to assist the Metis Settlements with the adjustments to the new governance regime.

  • The Accord and legislation also indefinitely stayed litigation brought by the Settlements against Alberta over the management of natural resource revenues.

  • The Accord and legislation are unique in Canada and establish clear roles and responsibilities for both Alberta and the Metis Settlements.